The definitive (and now famous) armament configuration was settled upon, featuring four.50 in (12.7 mm) machine guns with 500 rpg, and a 20 mm (.79 in) Hispano autocannon with 150 rounds.
One reason for this was the inadequate cooling systems of the G and H models; the improved P-38 J and L had tremendous success flying out of Italy into Germany at all altitudes.
Org, garlato 2000 "Memorandum for: Chief WH, CIA Subject: Bombing of British ship SS Springfjord." Central Intelligence Agency, The three-page memorandum is stamped: "CIA Historical Review Program, Release as pokemon emeraude echange interne Sanitized, 2003" Villagrán Kramer 1993,.77 Other Lightnings were eventually acquired by Italy for postwar service.32 In addition to these, the early versions had a reputation as a "widow maker" as it could enter an unrecoverable dive plan culture generale bts muc due to a sonic surface effect at high sub-sonic speeds.Robin Olds edit Main article: Robin Olds Robin Olds was the last P-38 ace in the Eighth Air Force and the last in the ETO.Candenong, Victoria, Australia: Kookaburra technical publications, John.The usaaf lent the RAF three of the aircraft, which were delivered by sea in March 1942 56 and were test flown no earlier than May 57 at Cunliffe-Owen Aircraft Swaythling, the Aeroplane and Armament Experimental Establishment and the Royal Aircraft Establishment.65 After 347 sorties with no enemy contact, the 1st, 14th and 82nd Fighter Groups were transferred to the 12th Air Force in North Africa as part of the force being built up for Operation Torch.151 The Japanese video game company Capcom features the P-38 in its 19XX series of arcade games, including 1941: Counter Attack, 1942, and 1943: The Battle of Midway.However, the navy did operate four land-based F-5Bs in North Africa, inherited from the usaaf and redesignated FO-1.118 Still another P-38E was used in 1942 to tow a Waco troop glider as a demonstration.Cambridge, UK: Patrick Stephens, 1983.The majority of wartime Lightnings present in the continental.S.119 P-38H Production variant capable of carrying 3200 lb of underwing bombs and an automatic oil radiator flaps, 601 built.MacDonald The seventh-ranking American ace, Charles."Lockheed P-38 Lightning." Joe Baugher's Encyclopedia of American Military Aircraft, Retrieved: Baugher, Joe.119 P-38L With 1600 hp engines, 3923 built which included 113 built at Vultee, later conversions to pathfinders and F-5G.One sees a great distance in Africa and our observers and flak people called in sightings and we could get altitude first and they were low and slow." 67 General der Jagdflieger Adolf Galland was unimpressed with the P-38, declaring "it had similar shortcomings.
After World War II, he flew F-4 Phantom IIs in Vietnam, ending his career as brigadier general with 16 kills.
38 Another issue with the P-38 arose from its unique design feature of outwardly rotating (at the "tops" of the propeller arcs) counter-rotating propellers.
In a particular case when faced by more agile fighters at low altitudes in a constricted valley, Lightnings suffered heavy losses.